Top 100 forex brokers 2012 electoral votes help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards.
This article possibly contains original research. Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favoured candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both. What constitutes electoral fraud varies from country to country. Many kinds of election fraud are outlawed in electoral legislation, but others are in violation of general laws, such as those banning assault, harassment or libel.
In national elections, successful electoral fraud can have the effect of a coup d’état or corruption of democracy. In a narrow election, a small amount of fraud may be enough to change the result. A list of threats to voting systems, or electoral fraud methods considered as sabotage are kept by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Electoral fraud can occur in advance of voting if the composition of the electorate is altered. The legality of this type of manipulation varies across jurisdictions. Deliberate manipulation of election outcomes is widely considered a violation of the principles of democracy. In many cases, it is possible for authorities to artificially control the composition of an electorate in order to produce a foregone result.